Rather, we must leave it to God to define what is just and unjust and what is commensurate with His being “all in all.” He does not leave us in doubt about hell because He loves sinners and wants them to believe the gospel in this life. This verse quotes from Isaiah 66:24 and mentions both unquenchable fire and worms that never die. Eternal torment does not correspond with the nature of God. HELL: ETERNAL TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION? Burned Up: Annihilation versus Eternal Conscious Torment part 1 - Duration: 41:41. In hell passages, it is claimed, eternal means only pertaining to “the age to come” and not “everlasting.”. These include Jesus’s description of hell in the parable of the rich man and Lazarus as a “place of torment” (Luke 16:28) involving “anguish in this flame” (v. 24). In the end, everyone will be saved. Same greek word used in this verse for both eternal life and eternal torment. 20:10). And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever, and they have no rest, day or night” (Rev. Part 3 [Part 1 - Biblical view of Human Nature] [Part 2 - Biblical View of Death] Few teachings have troubled the human conscience over the centuries more than the traditional view of hell as a place where the lost suffer conscious fiery punishment in body and soul for all eternity. So, the Beast’s “destruction” is everlasting torment in the lake of fire. One historic Protestant view of hell is expressed in the Westminster Confession (1646): "but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power." All who trust Jesus in His death and resurrection to rescue them from hell will have a part in the Tree of Life and the Holy City of God. The motive behind Fudge’s belief, which must be applauded, is that whatever he finds in Scripture, he will follow. If the Bible doesn't teach eternal conscious torment as annihilationists believe, then it is unbiblical and an argument can be made that it has come from the Catholic church. On the annihilation side, Fudge believes that even if conditional immortality were true according to Scripture, the existence of positive teaching on eternal conscious torment would convince him otherwise—if it existed. But the age to come lasts as long as the life of the eternal God Himself. I will answer each of these arguments in turn. in the flip PDF version. My thanks to Preston Sprinkle for inviting me to participate in this exchange with Chris Date. Samuele Bacchiocchi. So, the Beast’s “destruction” is everlasting torment in the lake of fire. Eternal torment view. Will the destiny of the unsaved be eternal conscious torment or annihilation (total cessation of existence)? It means, generally, that we just cease to exist and there is no torment. 318-319.) duration of hell between two able thinkers: Jerry Shepherd, who will argue for eternal conscious torment, and Chris Date, who will argue for annihilation. In this post, I want to summarize the best arguments for eternal conscious torment (ECT)—the traditional view of hell where the wicked will experience never-ending punishment. Annihilation vs. Eternal conscious torment Is eternal conscious torment a pagan false doctrine and a Jewish fable? What was does ‘Annihilation’ mean? Third is an argument based on the meaning of the word eternal. Traditionally, the most prominent view regarding eternal damnation is that the people cast into hell—the lake of fire—will suffer fiery conscious torments forever and ever. And, interestingly for our present discussion, each of Scripture’s final three chapters presents the fate of the unsaved: The Bible’s story does not end by saying, “And the unrighteous were destroyed and exist no more.” Neither does it say, “And in the end all persons will be gathered into the love of God and be saved.” Rather, when God brings His story to a close, His people rejoice in endless bliss with Him on the new earth. duration of hell between two able thinkers: Jerry Shepherd, who will argue for eternal conscious torment, and Chris Date, who will argue for annihilation. in all its fullness to as many people as possible. I’ve done a lot of research about it, and it seems that there has been a debate on what Hell actually is for some time now. 10:28 and Lk. Third is the argument from the word eternal. Second is the argument from passages that speak of destruction or perishing. On that day, the wicked will be finally lost through eternal separation from God’s loving presence. 4:9, 10; 10:6; 15:7)—so is the age to come. It is possible, therefore, to read various views into such passages, including annihilationism. Donate Now. And God would suffer defeat if any creatures made in His image were to perish forever. Hell: Annihilation or Eternal Conscious Torture? They will to exist in eternal corporeal (bodily) conscious torment punctuated by wailing and gnashing of teeth, with no one coming to seek or save them. I regard these arguments for annihilationism and universalism—from emotion and from God’s victory—as rewriting the biblical story, something we have no right to do. In Christianity, annihilationism is the belief that those who are wicked will perish or be no more. Such a notion only exhibits a vindictiveness on the part of God, which is clearly contradicted by what Jesus has revealed to us about His Father’s love for the lost. Many times I’ve heard those who believe in eternal conscious torment argue that annihilationism cannot be true because it is not a significant punishment. I will treat the fifth and sixth arguments together. Annihilationists ask: how is it just of God to punish sinners for eternity when their crimes were committed in time? In the eternal conscious torment view of Hell, it seems like those in Hell also have eternal life.. That never made sense to me. Hell: Eternal torment or annihilation? I also believe that the ultimate annihilation of the wicked should at least be accepted as a legitimate, biblically founded alternative to their eternal conscious torment. There is evidence in the Bible for both the viewpoints of annihilation or eternal torture. Paul describes the fate of the lost as suffering “the punishment of eternal destruction” (2 Thess. Is it really our place to call this unjust? Depicting the horrors of this belief was a favorite subject amongst artists in medieval times, resulting in all manner of imaginative and ghastly portraits of people suffering unending agony. I’ve done a lot of research about it, and it seems that there has been a debate on what Hell actually is for some time now. Since I preached this message on April 17, 2016 I have written on the topic of the final fate of the unrighteous extensively on my blog. 25:46; italics added). The Bible teaches Hell is a place of eternal punishment, not annihilation. Or a penal judgment through which God annihilates sinners and sin forever? Jesus plainly sets this forth in His message on the sheep and goats: “And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life” (Matt. 27:4. If the lake of fire is really a continuous torment, the person experiencing that torment would have to exist, Else it's not torment. Each of the other two theories, fully taught, says hell exists and people will be punished in it. In hell passages, it is claimed, eternal means only pertaining to “the age to come” and not “everlasting.” It is true that in the New Testament, eternal means … I see that in Scripture and I would lean more that way but, I’m not ready to say okay I know it’s this one. "Hell is annihilation and not eternal punishment" "Man has no conscious existence apart from the body after he dies" False teachers of annihilation: Jehovah's Witnesses, Christadelphians, Seventh-day Adventists, Herbert W. Armstrong/plain truth magazine. But once again, we want to read out of Scripture its meaning. Both cannot be correct. The punishment of the lost in hell is coextensive to the bliss of the righteous in heaven—both are everlasting. Annihilationism is the view that lost people in hell will be exterminated after they have paid the penalty for their sins. That may not be what it takes for a rock to exist, but a rock doesn't feel pain, either. The solution is to be found not in humanizing or sanitizing the traditionalist view of hell so that it may ultimately prove to be a more tolerable place for the wicked to spend eternity, but in understanding the true nature of the final punishment which, as we shall see, is permanent annihilation and not eternal torment. First is an argument based on the Bible’s use of fire imagery to describe hell. Furthermore, eternal torment serves no positive, reformative purpose, simply because it only torments sinners without reforming them. Mark’s Resources on Hell (Conditional Immortality aka Annihilationism vs. Eternal Conscious Torment vs. Universalism) Reasons I (mayhaps foolishly) Believes Annihilationism/ Conditionalism is a More Biblically & Philosophically Accurate View of the Judgment of the Wicked than Eternal Conscious Torment- Despite the Overwhelming Consensus of Church Theologians in the Majority of Church History. I believed it and I taught it to others. Eternal Torment, not Annihilation or “Soul-Sleep” There are many passages of Scripture that are clear that annihilationism, as taught by the Watchtower Society, Seventh-Day Adventism, and other cults, is false. Examples include unbelievers perishing (John 3:16) and suffering “the punishment of eternal destruction” (2 Thess. And I see that. Death on earth is only temporal because everyone will be raised again at the resurrection. There are some good, godly men—and maybe even the majority—that seem to take the annihilation view. Romans 6:23 “It would be hard to imagine a concept more confusing than that of death which means existing endlessly without the power of … The fifth is the emotional argument that God and His saints would never enjoy heaven if they knew loved ones and friends were forever in hell. God wills us to love our enemies, who abuse, wrong, and hate us; much more will God love his enemies, Luke 6:35. They believed in conditional immortality, a view held by many early church fathers as well. Few teachings have troubled the human conscience over the centuries more than the traditional view of hell as the place where the lost suffer conscious punishment in body and soul for all eternity. There is no other way to see it unless you believe life isnt eternal too. Nothing about eternal torment there. It is His nature; there is no anger or fury in love; fury is not in me, Isa. Download HELL – TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION? This is what it means when the Bible speaks of God destroying body and soul in hell. Objections to Eternal Conscious Torment answered. Stott contends that there is a “serious disproportion between sins consciously committed in time and torment consciously experienced throughout eternity.” (Judgement and Hell, pp. Fourth is an argument based on a distinction between time and eternity. Hell: Annihilation or Eternal Conscious Torture? As much as i would like it to be annihilation also, i cannot believe it since scripture is clear otherwise, and if i wanted to believe that eternal didnt mean it with the torment, i would also have to believe that life is not eternal … A Hell of Eternal Torment is based on emotions, Christianity, 12 replies The Orthodox View of Hell is correct in that Hell is a place of Conscious Everlasting Torment, Christianity, 214 replies Eternal Damnation is not Annihilation, Christianity, 38 replies If eternal torment or annihilation is true, Christianity, 210 replies Here we document that annihilationists all accept that the view we have proven true, namely eternal conscious torment, was widely believed in the ancient world. He will say to the saved, “Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world” (Matt. This is what it means when the Bible speaks of God destroying body and soul in hell. Evidently, God thinks it just to punish human beings who rebel against Him and His holiness with everlasting hell. While this might not be exhaustive, I've put together 25 verses that strongly illustrate what the Bible teaches on the issue. Dr. Robert A. Peterson is professor of systematic theology at Covenant Theological Seminary in St. Louis. was published by on 2015-05-14. In this post I explain why the annihilationist view of hell is very serious punishment. Eternal torment is real and must be avoided. HELL: TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION? Geenna or Gehenna and Eternal Torment Like the SDA, the aggressive Jehovah's Witnesses also oppose the doctrine of eternal, conscious torment of the wicked dead as shown. To interpret the phrase otherwise, as eternal conscious torment or separation from God means to negate the Biblical meaning of "death" as cessation of life. Augustine seems to be the first person to teach eternal conscious torment and following him the rest of the Church by-in-large followed suit. Third is the argument from the word eternal. The dominant historic Christian view is that hell is a place of eternal conscious torment for rebellious, unbelieving humans (and demons and Satan). Four Views on Hell (Zondervan, 2016, 2nd edition) -- representing (1) eternal, conscious torment in hell; (2) terminal punishment or annihilation; (3) Universalism; and (4) purgatory (technically according to Catholic doctrine, purgatory is not 'hell' but a vestibule or antechamber of heaven; all souls in purgatory are saved and WILL go to heaven) Find more similar flip PDFs like HELL – TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION?. I was surprised because all I was brought up with was conscious torment. It states that after the final judgment, all unsaved human beings, all fallen angels and Satan himself will be totally destroyed so as to not exist, or that their consciousness will be extinguished rather than suffer everlasting torment in hell. Because He is eternal—He “lives forever and ever” (Rev. In a follow up to our recent episode of That God Show, folks have asked for a comprehensive list of Scriptures that refute the traditional teaching of hell. The Bible clearly teaches the eternal torment of the wicked. Death by annihilation in the Lake of Fire could certainly be called "eternal punishment" because it is eternal in its consequences. And when we do, we find that some passages preclude an annihilationist understanding of hellfire. On that day, the wicked will be finally lost through eternal separation from God’s loving presence. 19:20; 20:10, 14, 15; 21:8)—it will burn up the wicked so that they no longer exist. Mark Corbett 4,688 views. Hell is the geenna meaning, valley of (the son of) Hinnom. Here are some resources I read on the annihilationist side of the debate: Burned Up: Annihilation versus Eternal Conscious Torment part 1 by Mark Corbett Death in the Lake of Fire, however, is eternal: there is … But what kind of hell? So, according to Scripture, their eternal destiny will be torment day and night forever and ever. Interested in your thoughts. Mark 9:48 is another verse sometimes used to support the idea of eternal conscious torment for unrepentant sinners. A place where the impenitent sinners burn forever and consciously suffer pain in an everlasting and never-ending fire? We have no right to rewrite the biblical story. All who do so with all the saints can say now and will say forever: First published in Tabletalk Magazine, an outreach of Ligonier. That equals eternal torment. The sixth is the argument that an eternal hell would tarnish God’s victory over evil. Death by annihilation in the Lake of Fire could certainly be called "eternal punishment" because it is eternal in its consequences. The mission, passion and purpose of Ligonier Ministries is to proclaim the holiness of God Fourth is the argument that it is unjust of God to punish sinners eternally for temporal sins. Four Views on Hell (Zondervan, 2016, 2nd edition) -- representing (1) eternal, conscious torment in hell; (2) terminal punishment or annihilation; (3) Universalism; and (4) purgatory (technically according to Catholic doctrine, purgatory is not 'hell' but a vestibule or antechamber of heaven; all souls in purgatory are saved and WILL go to heaven) And some passages are impossible to reconcile with annihilationism. But the wicked will endure never-ending torment in the lake of fire and be shut out of the Holy City, the New Jerusalem, which is the joyous dwelling place of God and His people forever. We have already seen John define that fire as eternal conscious punishment in the lake of fire for the devil (Rev. How kind and merciful of Him to include this invitation at the end of His story: “The Spirit and the Bride say, ‘Come.’ And let the one who hears say, ‘Come.’ And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires take the water of life without price” (Rev. 25:34). PDF for free. Many passages use this language without interpreting it. I have been thinking a lot recently about Hell. So what is the biblical case for annihilationism? In this video we will explore two alternative views of Hell. We would do better to determine from His Holy Word what He deems just and unjust. Here we document that annihilationists all accept that the view we have proven true, namely eternal conscious torment, was widely believed in the ancient world. God is love, 1 John 4:16. According to normal language, a person needs some kind of life in order to exist. Hell is a biblical doctrine. Samuel Richardson and other reformed London Baptists during the 18th century did not hold to a belief in the eternalconscious torment of the wicked in hell. Annihilationism is directly related to the doctrine of conditional immortality, … In hell passages, it is claimed, eternal means only pertaining to “the age to come” and not “everlasting.” It is true that in the New Testament, eternal means “agelong,” with the context defining the age. Evangelical views on the nature of hell: eternal conscious torment, annihilation, ultimate restoration or Christian Universalism, Ultimate Reconciliation God and His people would not enjoy the bliss of heaven if even one soul remained in hell, they argue. They will to exist in eternal corporeal (bodily) conscious torment punctuated by wailing and gnashing of teeth, with no one coming to seek or save them. Response. Death on earth is only temporal because everyone will be raised again at the resurrection. Annihilationists argue that if you burn some paper, it is eternally destroyed and that is how we should view hell. And in texts treating eternal destinies, eternal does refer to the age to come. Mark’s Resources on Hell (Conditional Immortality aka Annihilationism vs. Eternal Conscious Torment vs. Universalism) I grew up believing that the final fate of the unrighteous is eternal conscious torment. 14:10–11). HELL – TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION? They argue that Jesus borrowed from these false pagan doctrines in his teaching on hell. The three main views are eternal conscious torment where the unrepentant are tormented by the fire for all eternity, annihilation where the unrepentant are punished according to wrongs committed and then annihilated by the fire, and universal reconciliation where the unrepentant go through a fire that burns impurities away leading to eventual repentance and reconciliation. 41:41. The Moral Implications of Eternal Torment. Augustine seems to be the first person to teach eternal conscious torment and following him the rest of the Church by-in-large followed suit. We are told that fire consumes what is thrown into it, and so it will be for the lake of fire (Rev. Thread starter LW97; Start date Jun 27, 2019; Christian Chat is a moderated online Christian community allowing Christians around the world to fellowship with each other in real time chat via webcam, voice, and text, with the Christian Chat app. 14–15). 1:8). PART 8 The Judicial Implications of Eternal Torment . HELL: Eternal Conscious Torment VS Annihilationism - YouTube Eternal suffering or destruction of the wicked? 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