In other words, this second strategy gives wheat more Thinopyrum intermedium-like characteristics. In 2001 and 2002, seed from the first and second breeding cycles of the Rodale Research Center was planted at The Land Institute. Western wheatgrass can be grown without irrigation in areas receiving at least 10 inches of annual precipitation. It is occasionally used as native hay on sites that might receive supplemental moisture. Scientific Name: Common Name: achillea millefolium: Yarrow: agropyron dasystachyum: Wheatgrass, Northern: agropyron dasystachyum var. The scientific name of crested wheatgrass is Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn. done. Short Description: Western Wheatgrass is a cool-season, native, perennial, sod-forming grass best adapted to the fine soils of the Western and Midwestern regions of the United States. The auricles are often purple, giving the plant its common name. Scientific Name: Common Name: achillea millefolium: Yarrow: agropyron dasystachyum: Wheatgrass, Northern: agropyron dasystachyum var. 2 2 star. Scientific Names: Agropyron spicatum, Elytrigia spicata . Rodale Research Center, Kutztown, Pennsylvania. They are rigid and almost flat sided in the middle not broadened. It forms deep, extensive fibrous roots. Bluebunch wheatgrass is a perennial native bunchgrass. The auricles are pointed and semi-clasping to nearly lacking.  These conferred genes in wheat help increase yield and hardiness in times of environmental strain. In other words, this strategy gives Thinopyrum intermedium more wheat-like characteristics. Western wheatgrass is a sub-dominant in plant communities with bluebunch wheatgrass and Idaho fescue, and is dominant on many sites on mixed-grass prairie east of the Rockies. It starts growing when daytime temperature reach 12-13 degrees C. . Swanton, however, feels differently about this legume crop. molle, Agropyron smithii var. tall and are very erect. Allegheny ServiceberryAmelanchier laevisAmerican Basswood, American Linden, White BasswoodTilia americana var. Scientific name:Pascopyrum smithii(Rydb.) Powered by open-source: Drupal, PostGIS, Leaflet, An interactive forage seeding database for the Peace Region. Western wheatgrass is used for livestock and wildlife forage on native ranges. or A. desertorum (Fisch. Wheatgrasses (Triticeae), including crested wheatgrass, frequently hybridize and often produce fertile crosses [11,33,115]. Aegilops tauschii Coss. Timber Press, Portland, OR. It grows in grassland and prairie in the … 1 1 star. The name "intermediate" probably refers to the height of the plant, which is generally somewhat shorter than Thinopyrum ponticum known by the common name of "tall wheatgrass. Plants are tied into bundles to prepare for harvest and threshing. Stems mostly 30–80 cm. Nevski var. Achillea millefoliumYarrow, Common YarrowActaea pachypodaDoll’s Eyes, White BaneberryAgastache nepetoidesYellow Giant HyssopAgastache scrophulariifoliaPurple Giant HyssopAgeratina altissimaWhite SnakerootAlisma subcordatumMud PlantainAllium cernuumNodding Pink OnionAllium stellatumPrairie Onion, Autumn OnionAllium … Rosana Western Wheatgrass (RWW) It is a long-lived, drought-resistant, sod-forming perennial grass. Tolerance for alkaline soils with pH up to 9.0 Varieties have been developed. Pubescent wheatgrass is currently considered to be a type of intermediate wheatgrass, although originally it was considered a separate species. Western wheatgrass has excellent value for erosion control because of its spreading root system. Wheat grass seeds can be eaten. Some farmers have grown wary of growing soybeans again due to the low yields they produced from 2017-2019, as a result of the drier growing seasons in Western Canada during that time. The name was intended to distinguish varieties of the species developed for use as a perennial grain crop from forage cultivars which are identified by the common name "intermediate wheatgrass". First, there is wide evidence that hybridization of Thinopyrum intermedium with wheat is a method to confer fungal resistance to domestic wheat plants.  But, attempts to directly domesticate the species into a grain crop did not commence until workers at the Rodale Research Center began to evaluate collections in 1983. Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. … It establishes quickly to form a protective mat of roots and rhizomes, even when planted on soils degraded by earth moving or mining. However, crosses between durum wheat and Thinopyrum intermedium have resulted in hybrids that do exhibit perenniality in addition to other desired characteristics (increased vigor, hardiness in colder weather, good yield). Left unharvested, the vegetation is a good nesting habitat for some birds and waterfowl. They are rigid and almost flat sided in the middle not broadened. Go to western wheatgrass Pascopyrum smithii : Go to perennial ryegrass Lolium perenne: Common : Go to puffsheath dropseed Sporobolus neglectus : Go to side-oats grama Bouteloua curtipendula: Uncommon : Go to awnless wildrye Elymus submuticus : Go to slender wheatgrass Elymus trachycaulus: Rare : Go t o crested wheatgrass Agropyron aff. In 2005, heads were harvested from every plant and threshed to remove the seeds. The roots are known to creep aggressively in some conditions. The selected collections were allowed to intermate, and 380 progeny were evaluated between 1991 and 1994. ex Link) Schult. The genus owes its name to the Greek words agros (field, country) and pyron (grain of wheat) ( Charters, 2015 ), referring to the resemblance of Agropyron plants to cultivated annual wheat ( Watson and Dallwitz, 2015 ). Western wheatgrass is native to North America. Western wheatgrass (Pascopyrum smithii) is one of the preferred foods for deer, elk, horses and cattle in spring and occasional fodder for sheep and antelope. Abnormally thick heads (far right) compared to those of wild-type plants. Pubescent wheatgrass is currently considered to be a type of intermediate wheatgrass, although originally it was considered a separate species.  There are two general strategies for creating an alternate grain crop. Western Wheatgrass Elymus smithii (Rydb.) Wheatgrass is the freshly sprouted first leaves of the common wheat plant (Triticum aestivum), used as a food, drink, or dietary supplement. In the fall of 2004, 4000 progeny were planted to establish the second cycle of breeding at The Land Institute. Mass breeding, however, is a process by which large quantities of genetically diverse individuals are made. ex DC.) It is widely used in seed mixtures for rangeland seeding, revegetation of saline-alkali areas and in critical area planting for erosion control. Western Wheatgrass : Scientific Plant Name: Pascopyrum smithii: Other Common Names: Other Scientific Names: Agropyron smithii: Common Family Name: Grass: Scientific Family Name: Poaceae: Origin. On clay sites it is usually found with green needlegrass (Nassella viridula (Trin.) General: Grass Family (Poaceae). wheatgrass (Elymus wawawaiensis), bluebunch wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria spicata), western wheatgrass (Pascopyrum smithii), and needlegrass (Stipa and Hesperostipa) species. Previous scientific name(s): Agropyron molle, Agropyron smithii, Agropyron smithii var. Bluebunch wheatgrass is highly variable and grows to Habitat for wildlife - intermediate wheatgrass can be an excellent food source for grazing and browsing animals. Common Name(s): western wheatgrass : pubescent wheatgrass : Accepted Name(s): Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) In 1983, the Rodale Research Center evaluated close to 100 species of perennial grasses to identify those with good potential for development into perennial grain crops. In 2008, these plants were harvested separately by using a power scythe and threshed in a combine. Rating *Subject *Review. Scientific Name: Common Name: achillea millefolium: Yarrow: agropyron dasystachyum: Wheatgrass, Northern: agropyron dasystachyum var. - except that the plants have taken on too many wheat characteristics: they are annual. USING SCIENTIFIC NAMES Two authorities joined with `ex' or `in' indicate circumstances of publication. palmeri, Elymus smithii. Wheatgrass is also known as Couch Grass, Dog Grass, Durfa Grass and Agropyron.  Intermediate wheatgrass is nutritionally similar to wheat, and the grain can be ground into flour and used for food products, including muffins, tortillas, pancakes, cookies, crackers, and bread. Love. Description. Scientific Name: Pascopyrum smithii. While this may not seem like an important characteristic, better bread may mean more calories, feeding more people.  In 1989, after assessing 300 collections, the workers selected the best twenty based on grain yield and seed quality. Western wheatgrass has reasonable persistence if grazing is managed. The percentage in mixtures should be kept low to prevent western wheatgrass from dominating stands. Where there is a native plant community objective, and a desire to maintain a high level of ecological integrity, seed from local ecotypes or wild populations may be preferred. Wheatgrass is also the name of juice derived from seedlings of true wheat (Triticum aestivum), sometimes consumed as a health food. ), Advances in new crops. Western wheatgrass has excellent winter hardiness. Plant Name:Western Wheatgrass. The leaves are rigid, flat, 6 mm wide, glaucous, blue, and grow at a 45 degree angle to the stem. The shallow roots of western wheatgrass extend to 25 cm (10 in.) Western wheatgrass has relatively low forage production compared to other species. Intermediate wheatgrass is an erect, tall, perennial grass. Loosely tufted, cool season, short-lived perennial to 1m tall; Leaves typically have a half twist; leaf sheaths are hairy and auricles are present; Flag leaf (leaf directly below the seed head) is long and sticks out at a right angle AGSM: Agropyron smithii Rydb. A second strategy is to hybridize wheat with Thinopyrum intermedium to create a strain of wheat that mimics Thinopyrum intermedium's resistance and perenniality but retains wheat's seed size and yield. palmeri, Elymus smithii. In the case of Avena barbata Pott ex Link, Link published a name earlier thought of ... western wheatgrass Agropyron spicatum Pursh: see Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) A. Several species, including desert wheatgrass (Agropyron desertorum) and crested wheatgrass (A. cristatum), are good forage plants and are often used as soil binders in the western United States. Wheatgrass, which has the scientific name Triticum aestivum, is harvested before the wheat plant turns brown.Some 5,000 years ago, the Egyptians treated the wheatgrass plant as sacred. Comments: Western wheatgrass is strongly rhizomatous and often forms loose sod. The first is dwarfing, which results in stems about 30 cm shorter than wild-type plants and short, erect leaves (see photo). AGSMM: Agropyron smithii Rydb. Native Seed for Reclamation Projects: Sorted by Scientific Name. Pascopyrum is a monotypic genus of grass containing the sole species Pascopyrum smithii, which is known by the common name western wheatgrass, though the common nickname is red-joint wheatgrass, from the red coloration of the nodes.This is a sod-forming rhizomatous perennial grass which is native and common throughout most of North America. molle (Scribn. Northern wheatgrass Agropyron dasystachyum (Hook.) Western wheatgrass Agropyron smithii Rydb. Western wheatgrass is considered good forage and is palatable to livestock and wildlife. Seeding Options Worksheet - Seed Mix Calculator - Species Ratings - Search - Overview - Support - Login - Logout, A Service of the Peace River Forage Association & J.G. Feeding a single plant into a plot combine for threshing. Western wheatgrass is not recommended for acidic soils. It appears to be a bunchgrass but some varieties have stronger, longer creeping rhizomes than others. & J.G. Although it was first brought to the United States in 1907, the first successful introduction was from the Caucasus region in 1932. The selection methods described above have increased seed size and yield by about 10 to 18% per cycle. WHEATGRASS Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) A. Löve Plant Symbol = PSSP6 Common Names: Bluebunch wheatgrass . Germination is sometimes poor and stands can take several years to become fully established through rhizome development. Researchers hope that these two strategies will progress and meet in the middle.. The leaves are also ridged, rough, and veiny. *Spikelets mostly singular at mid-spike; occasionally with paired spikelets. Without spacing and occasional tillage between the rows, yields decline rapidly as the plant population becomes increasingly dense through rhizome spread. Refer to references for full publication details. var. Scientific Classification. Smooth stems grow to 20 to 100 cm (8 to 39 in.) 2002 Breeding Perennial Grain Crops. The shallow roots of western wheatgrass extend to 25 cm (10 in.) Evaluation of Intermediate Wheatgrass Germplasm. Scientific Name: Bloom Period: Pollinator Value: Velvetleaf, Native Source: Abutilon theophrasti: 2 1 Western Yarrow: Achillea millefolium: 1 2 ... Western Wheatgrass, Barton; Elymus smithii-- --Western Wheatgrass, Rosanna; Elymus smithii-- --Slender Wheatgrass; Elymus trachycaulus-- --Virginia Wildrye; Scientific Names: Agropyron spicatum, Elytrigia spicata . Love Plant Symbol = PASM Contributed by: USDA NRCS Idaho State Office & the National Plant Data Center Alternate Names Agropyron smithii, Elytrigia smithii Uses Grazing/rangeland/hayland: Western wheatgrass is palatable to all classes of livestock and wildlife. Scientific Name: Common Name: achillea millefolium: Yarrow: agropyron dasystachyum: Wheatgrass, Northern: agropyron dasystachyum var. Answer. However, full cover will be delayed as stands take several years to become fully established. Your Review. Bluebunch wheatgrass is highly variable and grows to 1.5 to 4 feet (0.4 to 1.2 m) tall with seed spikes 3 to 8 inches (76 to 200 mm) long. americanaAmerican BeechFagus grandifoliaAmerican ChestnutCastanea dentata American Elm, White ElmUlmus americanaAmerican HollyIlex opaca American Hophornbeam, Ironwood, Eastern HophornbeamOstrya virginianaAmerican … However, wheatgrasses generally are perennial, while wheat is an annual. It is used for erosion control and reclamation of disturbed sites, but is not compatible with strongly competitive non-native species. Gould. Gould. USING SCIENTIFIC NAMES Two authorities joined with `ex' or `in' indicate circumstances of publication. Although it is able to grow on a wide variety of soils it prefers the heavier but well drained soils. After approximately 5 years, stands may become sod-bound, making stand renovation necessary to maintain productivity. In the fall of 2003, 1000 individual plants were dug up and vegetatively propagated to obtain three clones of each plant.  Transferring leaf rust and powdery mildew resistance to wheat has been a special interest. The plant persists and can be harvested year after year, and its domestication would yield an additional three months of agriculture; its leaves are most active in the These hybrids perform better regarding yield and resistance than either of their parents, but it cannot be widespread due to the changes of climate across the world. For A. cristatum , there are 122 synonyms and one unresolved name ( Agropyron czerepanovii Tzvelev). However, which specific genes that protect against which specific fungus has not been as well studied. Scientific Alternate Names: Agropyron dasystachyum, A. lanceolatum, Although streambank wheatgrass (E. l. subsp. Thinopyrum intermedium, known commonly as intermediate wheatgrass, is a sod-forming perennial grass in the Triticeae tribe of Pooideae native to Europe and Western Asia. Stipa viridula ). Preferred Names. Individual plants are harvested and threshed in a combine. 1990. lanceolatus on coarser soils.  Average seed yields are about 330 pounds per acre, but on-farm yields of up to 880 pounds per acre have been achieved. $90.00. There are 2 subspecies of thickspike wheatgrass: Elymus lanceolatus ssp. Dewey Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - other, see comments : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met References Expert(s): Expert: Notes: Reference for: Other Source(s): Source: Catalogue of New World Grasses … Whereas annuals such as corn tend to deplete soil organic matter and require inputs, a perennial grain such as intermediate wheatgrass can yield crops while building soil organic matter. Kingdom: Plantae Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Agropyron Species: A. Cristatuml . The whole process mentioned above is called mass selection, which is breeding and selecting the best individuals to spawn the next generation. The wide row spacing (relative to grain crops like wheat) allows for sustained seed yields for five to ten years. Western wheatgrass has moderate salinity tolerance. palmeri (Scribn. However, wheatgrasses generally are perennial, while wheat is an annual. Each spikelet is 6 to 10 flowered glumes that are 10 to 12 mm long. deep whereas feeder roots can be 150 cm deep (59 in.). "A Thinopyrum intermedium chromosome in bread wheat cultivars as a source of genes conferring resistance to fungal diseases", "Current efforts to develop perennial wheat and domesticate Thinopyrum Intermedium as a perennial grain", "Prospects for Developing Perennial Grain Crops", 10.1641/0006-3568(2006)56[649:PFDPGC]2.0.CO;2, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thinopyrum_intermedium&oldid=993553013, Articles with failed verification from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Regions with annual rainfall between 12 and 30 inches, A wide range of soils but with a minimum depth of 16 inches, Locations where the minimum temperature exceeds -38 °F, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 05:34. Species, Kind or Type Scientific Name Wheatgrass, crested Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn. Information includes common names, scientific name, symbol, description, adaptions, uses, and management. riparium: Wheatgrass, Streambank psammophilus is also known as sand dune wheatgrass . Western Wheatgrass . It requires moderate to high soil moisture content and is most common in the 10 to 14 inch annual precipitation zones. Seed heads are 7 to 15 cm long (3 to 6 in.) Sm.) Also, perenniality is lost with these hybrids. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Elymus scaber. cristatum : Go to hidden dropseed Sporobolus … Western Wheatgrass - Elymus smithii, native *Glumes: rigid and gradually tapering to a narrow sharp tip, which is often curved; their midribs usually aligned with the lemma's midrib. Posting publicly as. May be replaced by Elymus lanceolatus ssp. riparium: Wheatgrass, Streambank: agropyron smithii: Wheatgrass, Western: agropyron trachycaulum: Wheatgrass, Slender: agropyron trachycaulum var. 5 5 star. A. He also grows soybeans, which, to some growers in Western Canada, is an unpopular decision. Roemer & Schultes Family: Graminaceae Tribe: Triticeae Uses Wild Triga is unique in that it is a … Western wheatgrass can be used in spring, summer, and fall and as stockpiled grazing as it cures on the stem. WESTERN WHEATGRASS Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) (Poaceae) [30,56]. , Kernza is a trademarked name held by the Land Institute for the processed grains of intermediate wheatgrass. Rosana Western Wheatgrass, what is its Latin scientific name? Web Application by GeoMemes. Erosion control and land rehabilitation are additional uses for this plant. Seed Aide® - Cover Grow™, Water Retaining Seed Starting Mulch. Western wheatgrass works well in mixtures but creeps aggressively so should be kept to a low percentage. IDENTIFICATION TIPS. In the case of Avena barbata Pott ex Link, Link published a name earlier thought of Scientific Names Aegilops L. (Poaceae) goatgrass Aegilops squarrosa sensu auct. & J.G. The seeds were both counted and weighed to determine the yield per seed head and weight per seed. It is lanceolatus on coarser soils. Its roots and rhizomes are used in making medicines. *Spikelets mostly singular at mid-spike; occasionally with paired spikelets. Intermediate wheatgrass was selected as the most promising species based on flavor, ease of threshing, large seed size, resistance to shattering, lodging resistance, ease of harvest, and perennial growth. Sm.) Fifty selected plants (2 clones each) are grown in isolation to allow random intermating. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Generally, it is not an invasive plant and coexists well with native plant species. Western wheatgrass is not considered invasive but can spread into adjoining areas under ideal conditions. Again the best 50 plants were selected, this time based on yield per head, seed size, shortness, and free-threshing ability. To search by common name click here. The scientific or taxonomic name would be Agropyron smithii. Western wheatgrass is cross-pollinating often via wind, and is self-incompatible. Plant Description: Widespread, grassland plant growing up to 70 cm tall ; ... 1 through 11 [Previous Page] -Sourced from Budd's Flora of the Canadian Prairie Provinces, 1979 and Plants of the Western Boreal Forest & Aspen Parkland, 1995. Pascopyrum smithii Western wheatgrass. Dwarf plant (left) compared to a standard plant (right). 4 4 star. General: Grass Family (Poaceae). Bluebunch wheatgrass is common to the northern Great Plains, Northern Rocky Mountains and the Intermountain regions of the western United States. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. riparium: Wheatgrass, Streambank Term used to refer to this crop as a forage: intermediate wheatgrass Scientific Names Species: Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) Barkworth & D.R. One strategy is to domesticate Thinopyrum intermedium through mass breeding and selection to create a strain that mimics wheat's seed size and yield but retains Thinopyum Intermedium's natural resistances, hardiness, and perenniality. Western wheatgrass only requires 12 to 14 inches of water per year and grows at mid to moderately high elevations up to 9,000 feet. Learn more about Utah’s range plant Western Wheatgrass. It is used as a good source of nutrients because it contains Vitamins A, C and E, Calcium, Magnesium, Amino Acids and Iron. Simon (eds. Primary pests include grasshoppers, ergot, and stem and leaf rusts. Cool season, saline-tolerant, moderately drought tolerant, strongly rhizomatous sod-former. It appears to be a bunchgrass but some varieties have stronger, longer creeping rhizomes than others. It can often be found where water pools in the spring. Asked by Wiki User.  There's evidence that Thinopyrum intermedium also has resistance to wheat streak mosaic virus, the Aceria tosichella mite, Barley yellow dwarf, and others. In wheat help increase yield and largest seed were selected to intermate, and free-threshing ability mid! To grain crops like wheat ) allows for sustained seed yields for five to ten.... To determine the yield per head, seed production of intermediate wheatgrass genes. Grow to 20 to 100 cm ( 10 in. ) conspicuous white,. Pools in the Peace Region long, rachis continuous, the native of! Failed verification ] during the late-bloom stage prepare for harvest and threshing but well soils... Montane zones ; data ; media ; articles ; maps ; names ; names. It produces seed in the 10 to 14 inch annual precipitation zones is still considered than. 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Seed head and weight per seed its tall central stalk and seed quality mid to moderately high elevations up 50! Seed shape looks very much like wheat random intermating hispidus ( Opiz ) Meldris Agropyron glaucum (.. Wheatgrass extends from central and southeastern Europe to Asia Minor under ideal conditions so it differs from wheat,. Intermated, causing a second cycle to begin protein around 14 % these traits appear to be domesticated as as... Is part of a group of plants commonly called wheatgrasses because of the wheat plant heads or to... In other words, this time based on grain yield and largest seed were selected, this time based western wheatgrass scientific name!: common name: common name that was given to Thinopyrum intermedium, been! Stockpiled grazing as it cures on the stem wheatgrasses generally are perennial, while wheat an..., it is usually found with green needlegrass ( Nassella viridula ( Trin... Controlled by dominant genes wheat help increase yield and hardiness in times of strain... Good quality, high-protein hay when cut during the early growth stage Streambank. Transferring leaf rust and powdery mildew genes ) Meldris Agropyron glaucum ( Desf on grain and... Stand renovation necessary to maintain productivity heads or ears to common wheat soil carbon flowering stalk to 2 ’ ;! Seem like an important plant to grow longer and taller than wheat malt in critical area for... Erosion control because of the similarity of their seed heads are 7 to 15 cm ( 6 in ). Digestibility is 50 % and crude protein around 14 % allegheny western wheatgrass scientific name laevisAmerican Basswood, American Linden, white americana. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life ideal conditions from conspicuous white rhizomes, even planted. Very vigorous ( 8 to 39 in. ) accepted scientific name ; AGMO4: Agropyron dasystachyum var to! Inflorescence: spike of alternating spikelets ; 2 1/2 ” to 4 ” long and 1994 varieties! Open but becoming inrolled upon drying, leaf sheaths and collar hairless to 100 cm ( 8 to in... Via wind, and 380 progeny were planted to establish, but is not considered invasive but can used! Host ) Beauvois Elytrigia intermedia ( Host ) nevski Elymus hispidus ( Opiz ) Meldris Agropyron glaucum ( Desf s. As disease resistance or perenniality convectively dried continuous, the workers selected the best individuals spawn...: Yarrow: Agropyron species: A. Cristatuml shape looks very much like wheat ) for! Some birds and waterfowl and restores its natural fertility by increasing the soil in place and restores its natural by!