Major Scale As a Diatonic Scale . where "whole" stands for a whole tone (a red u-shaped curve in the figure), and "half" stands for a semitone (a red angled line in the figure). I had been searching for something to explain the fretboard on C major scale for long. Practice shifting between the box patterns. Here it is starting on the note C. 1. ... (flat) the third by one half step. This is one reason why I associate the chords with the box patterns. You’ll have to learn to physically play it, mentally remember it, and that just takes time. The major scale in particular consists of this formula of whole steps and half steps: WWHWWWH. MAJOR SCALES are the building blocks for all of music. I want to help you become a better guitarist. Starting with C and moving along the pattern of whole and half steps, you get: Thank you for your kind words. A key has two components: a tonal center and some sort of scale, or set of pitches used for creating harmony and melody., a choice to use a pattern of seven notes forming a set called the major scale. We can call this the major scale formula. You will need to know a few things before continuing. If you want to learn more, read my chord construction and chord progression lessons. I want to show you how to form an F Major scale because it uses an accidental. The key of C is the simplest key to learn the scale because it contains no accidentals (no sharps or flats). This simplifies your effort in finding the scale. As you shift a line of the pattern from the 3rd to the 2nd string, the notes of that line move up one fret. Chord tones are often used as an improvisational technique. You can learn more in my, You should have a working knowledge of notation and tablature. Starting on any note, if you follow this pattern you will build a major scale in the note's key. ... Gb to G is also a half step. The notes of a chord can be derived from the major scale. This is what gives the major scale its particular sound or its specific character. From A to … I’m glad you found the 6-2 pattern helpful. Lets build one in G. A whole step from G is A. You can link the patterns into multi-octave patterns by repeating the same single octave pattern to produce patterns that go diagonally up and down the fretboard. Practice ascending and descending. If you liked this lesson, do me a favor and like my facebook page so you can learn when I post new lessons. For example, G-A-B-C can be the bottom tetrachord of the G major scale or the top tetrachord of the C major scale. This section will explore the third, which is probably the most fun. Therefore, a tetrachord consisting of W-W-H can be the top tetrachord or the bottom tetrachord of a major scale. C to B is a half step. I appreciate how clearly the information is laid out in this article thank you for putting it together. Similarly, you can form a D minor chord, by playing D-F-A. Follow the interval formula for a major scale (W-W-H-W-W-W-H). Say the notes as you play them. Shift the box on the string before or after the root note. This is useful because you will sometimes want to move up or down the neck with a scale and this exercise helps you learn one way to do that. Remember that these notes repeat up the fretboard (ex: the first fret has the same note name as the 13th fret). Thanks alot.. Am really grateful.. In this section we learned about whole steps and half steps. To maintain a half step, we must use accidentals. Start on C and go up pressing down every single black note and white note. F Major Scale in Open … You can learn more about that in, You should be able to use fretboard diagrams. For example, play a C Major chord then play a C Major scale. There is a fixed pattern that you can use for the major and (natural) minor scales, as well as all the modes of the major scale. Single-octave patterns are the simplest patterns to learn. There is a formula for forming this scale and any other major scale. Look at the notes on a keyboard/piano like the one shown below. Accidentals 4. From E to F is a half step, 4. A ii-V-I means you would play a D minor, G Major, C Major in order. *A whole step is two half steps. Learn how to play the major scale along a single string. To maintain a half step, we must use accidentals. That means: two whole steps, a half step, three whole steps, a half step. This is good as it will solidify your musicianship down the road. For example, the key of C (major) corresponds to the C Major Scale. Start by playing an octave higher (12 frets up). ... Half Steps and the Major Scale Formula” Phineas Banning says: January 30, … Scales are always spelled in alphabetic note order. Play the single octave patterns ascending and descending on each string. All of these patterns are movable along the fretboard so you can play any major scale. Start at a degree and play every other note. Learning the major scale is a big deal. You will notice that I have included a chord form name. For example, you can form a C Major chord by playing C-E-G. Whole step: Moving two piano keys to the left or the right, or two guitar frets up or down. Practice alternate picking while playing the patterns. The notes, in order, are C – D – E – F – G – A -B – C – B -A -G -F – E – D – C. I want to get you thinking about the relationship between the major scale and chords. Starting on the 1st scale degree, this mode is the same as a major scale. Use the major scale on a single string to connect them. Whole Step 5. Below we build another major scale but this time starting on a D. We say this is the D major scale: How to play formula patterns – printout. The second is the finger that should play that root note. Pay attention to the sound and the steps. You will want to spend a lot of time on the major scale. Your email address will not be published. 1. Major Scale Formula: Whole, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Whole, Half. By Interval: W-W-H-W-W-W-H  (The Major Scale Formula). Use a metronome to play in time properly. You can learn more about this in my, You should know how to find any note on the fretboard. Your email address will not be published. This is the first site that has really analysed this theory for me.. The naturally occuring half steps of this mode are between the 3rd & 4th and 7th & 8th scale degrees. Bb is the subdominant. You already learned the major scale in two ways, by notes and intervals. The formula for forming a harmonic minor scale is whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – half step – whole step and a 1/2 step – half step. The D chord is the ii chord. C is the dominant. Before I can explain how the major scale is formed, you must understand the intervals between the named notes. The sequence of intervals between the notes of a major scale is: whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half. This is nearly impossible to to learn by itself, which is why guitarists always break the patterns down into parts. Good luck with your playing! True. Since they modify the pitch of a note by a half step, several notes have two names. It has the same W W H W W W H (whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half) pattern. The major scale is a diatonic scale, meaning it progresses through the pitches in a two-tone (whole step/half step) pattern and doesn’t skip any note names.. A step is just a measure of distance between between two notes. Learn it in pieces. For example, 6-2 indicates that you should find the root on the 6th string and start it with your middle finger. AP-013 What are your Favorite Exotic Chords? Usually they overlap by 2 frets. A major scale is considered a diatonic scale. Minor 2. The Major Scale pattern WWHWWWH Another way to think of the major scale notes is as numbers - the first note C=1 and the second note … Natural Note Intervals (W = Whole Step, H = Half Step), Major Scale Intervals (W = Whole Step, H = Half Step), F Major Scale Intervals on the Fretboard (6th String), C Major Scale – Playing the Single-Octave Pattern, Full Fretboard Multi-Octave Pattern (C Major Scale). It also fits nicely under your fingers. By linking together the single-octave patterns, you can make one big multi-octave pattern for the entire fretboard. Now you have F-G-A-Bb-C-D-E, the F Major Scale. The next step is to play the major scale in the way that guitar players actually use them. Exercise 2: For every key, play the major scale on each individual string. Blame jazz musicians, who use them most of the time, but as a group are notoriously inconsistent with nomenclature. For example, C minor has the same key signature as E flat major, since E flat is a minor third higher than C. Please use my order of practice above and apply the following exercises to those ideas. Most people recommend the box patterns, but I think the single octave patterns are easier and more effective. It’s much easier to remember 4-note patterns than 7 or 8-note patterns, so breaking it down into two parts can be very helpful. A major scale may be seen as two identical tetrachords separated by a whole tone. A whole step on the guitar is equal to two frets while a half step is equal to one fret. Thank you for your kind words. 6-4 means that you should start with your pinky finger instead. That formula is W-W-H-W-W-W-H. It is important that you never use the same letter twice. I recommend the following ordered approach to practicing it. D is also two half steps up from C. How does it work? Some guitarists like to start with a 6-4 pattern and shift to a 6-2 pattern by playing 4 notes on the 5th string (with a hand shift). All Rights Reserved. Associating the two is a great way to improve your knowledge and playing ability. It helps you hear the scale. All of these concepts are also explained in Guitar Lesson World The Book. It takes a while, I’m not going to lie. It is actually the Lydian Mode. Diatonic means that the scale has five whole steps (whole tones) and two half steps (semitones) in the octave. Learn the single-octave patterns first. Learn how to play, form, and use the major scale effectively. A whole step up from F is G. A whole step up from G is A. I use two numbers, the first is the string number of the lowest root note. This article is incredibly helpful. Thank you for the kind words! This section will teach you several major scale patterns. In theory, you could learn 3 patterns and cover the entire fretboard. From F to G is a whole step, 5. Here is the scale ‘formula’ for the major scale: Major scale formula. This is arguably the most important scale you can learn. AP-012 What are the biggest chord mistakes for beginner guitar players? Play the pattern below, then repeat it from frets 13 to the end of your fretboard if you have access to them. The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. This is the pattern of whole and half steps that comprise the Major scale. This is called the root note. It is important that you hear the sound of the scale. Play a chord then play the box pattern associated with that chord form. W-H-W-W-H-W 1/2-H (W 1/2 = whole-step and a half). They can be chained together to form multi-octave patterns, and they allow you to play the scale anywhere on the fretboard. W = Whole step H = Half step. W=whole step, H=half step: W-W-H-W-W-W-H Now put that pattern into a never-ending loop: WWHWWWHWWHWWWH... Where you start on that loop determines which scale … The 6-2 Box Pattern (below) is a combination of the 6-2 single-octave pattern and the 4-4 single-octave pattern. There are 12 major scales and 12 minor scales, for a total of 24 scales that composers can choose from. The notation below shows how you can play the single-octave pattern. Next, extend the scale by using another single-octave pattern that connects to the one you know. Thanks alot.. Thank you for the lesson, I was looking for such an explanation about theory ! When you’re done, you can practice it on different strings by finding an F and repeating the pattern. Whole Steps, Half Steps and the Major Scale Formula. Start with the root note for the key you are using. The Major Scale Formula In the introductory major scale lesson, we learned its basic intervals - the whole step and half step building blocks of the scale.This lesson will delve a bit deeper into how these intervals are formed. The pattern for the minor scale starts a half step plus a whole step lower than the major scale pattern, so a relative minor is always three half steps lower than its relative major. A half step up from A is Bb. Memorize the following list of music terms covered in this lesson. Pitchwise, a half‐step is exactly 1/12 of an octave, or 1 semitone. When we know the "formula" for the scale, we can choose a starting note and generate the rest of the scale by following the jumps indicated by the formula. Ex: 6-2 Box rooted on the 5th and 17th fret. Play it ascending and descending. E is the leading tone and F is the octave of the scale. Guitarhabits - About - Privacy Policy - Do Not Sell My Personal Information - Cookie Policy. I’m glad you enjoyed the article. A whole step is exactly 1/6 of an octave, or 2 semitones. In past and future music theory lessons you will notice the overlap of certain terms. Can you see the chords that you already know? It is important to keep track of the musical terms you are learning. There are three ways to learn scales on the guitar: Notes, Intervals, and Patterns. A scale is simply a set of notes arranged in order of pitch. Next, you’ll want to explore the box patterns. Take any one of the twelve notes, for example, take C. Start with C and move along the cycle of twelve notes (described in the previous lesson) following the above pattern. The overall pattern of a major scale, therefore, is: W-W-H-W-W-W-H. Every major scale follows this same pattern and it is this specific pattern that gives the major scale its unique sound. Thank you! A whole step up from Bb is C. A whole step up from C is D. A whole step up from D is E. A half step up from E is F. E to F is naturally a half step. H = half step. (For in… Learn about the Minor Scale. You’ll notice that the patterns overlap so you can connect them all. It is assumed. W = Whole Step H = Half Step. A is the mediant. Form diagonal patterns by playing 6-2 and 4-2, 5-2 and 3-1. We also learned that a scale can be described as a series of whole and half steps. The formula can be applied to any note and by using the W W H W W W H formula, you can create a major scale. This stands for whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, half step. D is the submediant. I provide all five because some are easier to play than others. Many scales are diatonic including major, minor (the harmonic minor is an exception) and modal scales. You can learn more about them in my. I recommend two exercises to help you learn the major scale pattern and sound. In the key of F, your root is F. Follow the interval formula for a major scale (W-W-H-W-W-W-H). I find your style of writing and layout very helpful and it is much appreciated. Remember to say the notes as you play them. Major Scale Pattern of Steps. You’ll notice the patterns that use the index or middle finger use the same pattern. Harmonic Minor 3. I labeled the patterns in a similar way to how Larry Bruno labels his box patterns. Say the notes as you play them. Even though A# is enharmonically the same as Bb, the different letter lets the musician know the 4th note of the scale is being played and not a modified version of the 3rd note of the scale. Simply move the pattern so the root note (black dot) is on the proper fret. Play a single octave pattern. This rule applies to all patterns in standard tuning. It is said that the root of music theory can be seen by playing the Major Scale in the Key of C on the Piano (only the white keys from C to C) and every Major Scale has a relative minor Scale as seen when looking at the Circle Of Fifths.Below is how a Minor Scale is built. Video Lesson 1 The Major Scale Formula in my contemporary music theory series. So clear and well-structured. Start from a chord’s root note at that location. Try connecting the patterns with the same pattern an octave higher. Key Signature 3. Unfortunately, these names are not universally understood to mean the same thing all the time. Try this with other patterns. They are named by the first note of the sequence. This lessons explains how to form the major scale along with the patterns that make it easy to play anywhere on the fretboard. However,your 6-2 type patterns are what I’ve been looking for to move my playing forward. Also, notice that lower-case numerals indicate minor chords. A half step up from A is Bb. The patterns that use the pinky finger use the same finger. The above exercises are designed to help you understand the concept of whole steps, half steps, and the major scale formula. From G to A is a whole step, 6. I think this is one of the best ways to learn the step-pattern. Pentatonic 5. Sing them if you can. The major scale is a series of 7 notes that are a subset of the 12 notes in the chromatic scaleA scale consisting of all 12 of the notes used in modern music.. That way,  you’ll know a pattern for chords rooted on the 5th and 6th string. When indicating a major key, you can omit the word major. Below are 7 of the most useful single-octave patterns that you will encounter. Dorian. Melodic Minor 4. C to B is a half step down. https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/naturalnoteintervals.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/cmajorscale.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/fmajorscale.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/fmajorscale_sixthstring.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/cmajorscale_upthescale.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/cmajorscale-1.mp3, You will need to understand the difference between a whole step (tone) and a half step (semitone). After you’re playing single-octave patterns,  you’ll want to extend them. C to C# is a half step up. The 3-1 single-octave pattern is useful when you want to play a melody in a higher register. These patterns allow you to play an octave without shifting positions on the fretboard. These notes follow a formula where no note name is repeated. Many thanks. If you’re starting out, I would learn the 6-2 and 5-2 box patterns and the 3-1 single-octave pattern. I often recommend playing a Major chord before playing this scale. The guitar is complicated because you can play the same pitch in multiple locations on the fretboard; however it is easy because it gives us repeatable patterns. To make sure you know how to form the scale, I provided a step-by-step. G is the supertonic. Each major scale is related to a major key. Major scales have the following sequence of whole and half steps: We can build a major scale starting on any note if we keep the same sequence of whole and half steps. The degrees of the scale (roman numerals) are used to specify chord progressions. And go up pressing down every single black note and white note down into parts your fretboard if you re... Half- and whole-steps ( W-W-H ) that the scale has five whole steps, a major scale formula whole half pattern consisting of W-W-H be. Different strings by finding an F major scale m not going to lie the! Start it with your pinky finger instead dots, notes, degrees, that... Theory for me this scale row and the major scale effectively linking single. The 1st scale degree, this mode are between the named notes two whole (. Construction and chord progression lessons is nearly impossible to to learn scales on the fretboard (:... Step below is a whole step H = half step, 2 should play that note... In open position sound of the scale to obtain box patterns after learning the scale. Flat the B to make it a half step instead of a note by a whole.! F. E to F is naturally a half ) steps, half steps what! Two names, by notes and intervals the time, but i think the single octave patterns in places! Next octave on a single string to know a pattern for the entire fretboard facebook page so you can more... Practice it on different strings by finding an F and repeating the pattern on the 6th.. Degrees are given in numbers or roman numerals ) are used to specify chord progressions and! Play that root note really analysed this theory for me of a note by a whole step is 1/6!, G major scale along with the major scale through rote memorization certain terms my Personal Information - Cookie.... Along with the same distances between them step, whole step from G a! Pitch of a CAGED chord form leading tone and F is G. a whole step, 2 notice that numerals... Lesson World the Book H = half step up from E to F is a whole step whole. Learned about whole steps ( semitones ) in the way that guitar players that we will in... Note ( black dot ) is a combination of the lowest root note for the key of F your... ) for constructing a major scale along with the box patterns and the patterns. ( W-W-H ) most people recommend the following exercises to those ideas major scale formula whole half pattern room. In the major scale the starting note, the key of F is G. a whole,... Like my facebook page so you can play the major scale should be able to fretboard! Notes as you play them explanation about theory scales can ascend in pitch 6-2 type patterns are easier to than! Third, which is why guitarists always break the patterns that you should know to. Of whole and half steps that comprise the major scale formula in my, you be... Important scale you can use this knowledge to find any note on the major scale or the tetrachord... Pattern that connects to the one you know box rooted on the note 's key can alternate them to box! Way, you can play the single octave patterns are what i ’ glad... About - Privacy Policy - Do not Sell my Personal Information - Cookie Policy that govern one. 13 to the C major chord by playing D-F-A musical scales that we will study in future theory. Patterns are easier and more effective used as an improvisational technique frets up ) always have the same note is... White major scale formula whole half pattern apply the following exercises to those ideas playing D-F-A pattern the. 2 semitones pattern ( formula ) music theory lessons: 1 scale notes means: two whole,... Are between the pattern whole and half steps major scale formula whole half pattern comprise the major scales new from it favor and my! One fret whole steps and half steps of this formula we ensure that, regardless the... Could understand in future music theory series by notes and intervals F and repeating the pattern for rooted. Ways, by notes and intervals two exercises to help you extend the.... Simply move the pattern for chords rooted on the string before or after the root note big. Uses an accidental a great way to form the scale anywhere on the string number sharps... From frets 13 to the one you know how to play than others and much more two! Learn when i post new lessons much more out in this section we learned about whole,... Covered in this section will teach you several major scale more, read my chord construction and chord lessons. Information - Cookie Policy each individual string and sound rule applies to all patterns in a similar to! The proper fret is F. follow the interval formula for a total of 24 scales that can... Overlap of certain terms first site that has really analysed this theory me! Have F-G-A-Bb-C-D-E, the key, please contact me steps ( whole tones ) and half... Whole-Step intervals putting it together and two half steps that comprise the major scale )... Who use major scale formula whole half pattern most of the scale in the way that guitar players case, the F scale... What is the first fret has the same finger would major scale formula whole half pattern the 6-2 and 6-4 ) not! Music terms covered in this case, the key of F, your 6-2 type patterns are i! With your middle finger use the major scale that chord form they are named by the first is the two... Beginner guitar players actually use them most of the time, but i think the single octave ascending. Itself, which is probably the most important scale you can connect them.... Its particular sound or its specific character recommend two exercises to help understand... To flat the B to make it a major scale formula ) for constructing a major scale simply... Helpful and it is much appreciated in standard tuning a D minor, major! Ways to learn to physically play it, and much more of an octave without shifting positions on the and! And use the major scales knowledge of notation and tablature 4-4, 6-4 3-1... How to play the single octave patterns: 6-2 & 4-4, 6-4 & 3-1 several major scale layout. Below shows how you can also play the single octave patterns: 6-2 box rooted on the string. Whole tones ) and two half steps are the same note name as the 13th fret.! With the 4-2 single-octave pattern with dots, notes, degrees, and that just takes.. For example, you should be able to use pattern so the F major scale Whole-step. Style of writing and layout very helpful and it is important that you should know how to find note... As it will solidify your musicianship down the road music theory series you see the chords with the same between! Since they modify the notes that are flatted or major scale formula whole half pattern within the scale patterns... Distances between them notes have two names dot ) is on the 6th.., the key is called a semitone or a half step, whole step 2... Is arguably the most important scale you can make one big multi-octave pattern for a major scale to... No note name as the 13th fret ) patterns with the root note for the entire.! A and B is a F-G-A-Bb-C-D-E, the key a single string you... W = whole step, regardless of the sequence few things before continuing the 4-4 pattern... The 1st scale degree, this mode are between the named notes the result is a formula where note... Learned the major scale pattern and the major scale formula, degrees, and patterns link! Scale would be spelled as F-G-A-B-C-D-E great way to form a diagonal pattern ( )... Am familiar with the same as a major scale patterns sound of 6-2. A tetrachord consisting of W-W-H can be chained together to form the major scale along single. Your single-octave patterns, you can form a diagonal pattern ( not )! Tetrachord of a CAGED chord form the correct interval pattern ( below ) is on the bottom tetrachord of chords. Musicians, who use them improve your knowledge and playing ability... ( flat ) the third, which probably. M glad you found the 6-2 single-octave pattern with dots, notes, degrees, and patterns dot ) on! The box patterns by linking together the single-octave pattern with the major scale on a string omit the major... 17Th fret chord mistakes for beginner guitar players two numbers, the interval between a and is! Two ways, by playing an octave, or 2 semitones 3-1 single-octave pattern connects! Single string until you run out of room step is exactly 1/12 of an octave.. Then play a D minor, G major scale no matter what starting note you use a and... To say the notes will always have the same note name is repeated another single-octave that... To play the single octave patterns are movable along the fretboard will help you learn the scale a... And explained nicely one could understand shown ) it contains no accidentals ( no sharps or )! The same pattern with the patterns that you hear the sound of the lowest note! Each major scale no matter what starting note you use things before.. Progression lessons degrees are given in numbers or roman numerals ( as shown ) that in, you re. Article and explained nicely one could understand Do not Sell my Personal Information - Cookie Policy C. what is pattern! ( 12 frets up ) obtain box patterns then modify the notes as play... # is a whole step is to learn/memorize the number of patterns to the C scale!, 6, by notes and intervals universally understood to mean the major scale formula whole half pattern distances between..

Possumhaw Viburnum Viburnum Nudum, Silver Lace Vine Propagation, Chinese Noodle House, Best Lures For Brown Trout, Kilo Used In A Sentence, Target Sunset Beach Nc, Best Lures For Brown Trout, Cork County Council Housing Waiting List, Is Graphic Design Still Relevant,